These languages will help you become a full stack Web Developer

July 19, 2018 4115 Gulfam full stack developer

Want to start web development and don't know where to start? Don't worry, here is a solution for all of your questions. Getting started with web development can be confusing because of different languages, frameworks and open source project to choose from. There is no fixed way to choose languages or frameworks, but there is a natural progression that almost every developer takes throughout the journey. In this article, we will guide you on which languages you should choose, and from where to learn.

There are different websites from where you can learn web development easily. You can learn web development from websites which provide you with the online courses. Some popular online courses can be found on LyndaUdacityCourseraGeneral Assembly.

(check out best learning applications to learn to code from!)

Full-Stack Web Developer

A Full Stack Web Developer is someone who is able to work on back-end and front-end side of applications and is a person who knows client-side and server-side languages very well. Front-end side means working on UI interactions (a portion of the website that viewers can see). Back-end side developer should work on core login, databases interaction, authentication and server configuration etc.

Front-end development is done in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, while back-end development is done using any one of the following languages: PHP, Ruby, Python, Ruby, Java, SQL, Node.js or.Net. Becoming a Full-Stack developer requires knowledge of at least any four of the mentioned languages. Nowadays Full-stack developer is the most popular occupation according to Stack Overflow 2016 Developer Survey.

A Full-stack developer works on client and server-side programming languages. There is a progression to learn web development languages which are used on frontend and backend sides that most developers face as challenges.

HTML (HyperText Markup Language)

HTML is the first step towards learning web development. If you want to learn web development then you should first learn HTML because it is the basic building block of any web page. Every in-person or online course will teach you HTML in the first place. HTML is a very basic language which defines the structure of any web page. The latest version of HTML is HTML5 which is not very different from HTML4. To code in HTML, you don't need any IDE. Just save the file as .html and run into the browser and you're ready to get started.

You can learn the basics of HTML from different websites for free of cost. These are our recommendations:

(check out best learning applications to learn to code from!)

W3Schools is the best website if you a beginner and want to learn the basics of HTML.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

CSS is used to style your HTML content. So when you are finished with the architecture of your web page, you need to design your web page with CSS. CSS contains only the design information of web pages so you can add CSS into your HTML file or you can make CSS file separately and link to with your HTML page. Most of the developer keep CSS files separate from HTML because of easy readability and flexibility.

Learning CSS is a very boring task for someone who wants work only on the logical part but it will be very interesting for those people who love the designing process. When you become the master in CSS then you must try its frameworks like Bootstrap. Our recommendations:


Javascript is the only language which runs natively in the browser. With the help of JavaScript, you can easily create dynamic content for your websites like creating drop-down menus, sliding carousels, modal windows etc. JavaScript is a very popular and growing popularity every year because of its usage. If you want to become a frontend or backend developer than you should learn JavaScript because it can run at the client as well as server side (Node.js). The interesting part of JavaScript is that you can write and run your JavaScript code into the browser.

JavaScript is also growing in its popularity due to its various frameworks and libraries. There are lots of JavaScript frameworks and libraries like JQuery and Angular available which are highly used nowadays. Check out these websites for learning JavaScript.

PHP, JAVA, Node.js, or Python

Now its time to discuss some backend languages. So there are lots of languages which you can learn for backend development like PHP, Python JavaScript(Node.js) etc. You can choose one language from the above languages without thinking about which language is better than the other. So if you very new to web development than we would suggest you to learn PHP because of its simplicity. But in terms of popularity, Node.js and Python are more popular languages than PHP.

Just pick up one language and start coding. As all the backend languages are runs on the server side than you should need a local server to run these files.


PHP is a very simple programming language for backend development. Around 80% of the websites in the world is coded in PHP. PHP is also used in many content management system tools (CMS) like in WordPress.


Java is the world's most popular language because of its platform independence nature. The other reason why JAVA is in high demand today because of Android development.


Node.js is a JavaScript framework which is used for backend side development. Its very popular nowadays because of JavaScript. If you are a master in JavaScript then we would suggest that you learn Node.js for backend development.


Python is a simple and clean language. A non-programmer or a beginner can easily write code very effectively but the main disadvantage of python is indentation. Python works on indentation if you indent the code wrongly than it will raise an error. Learn the basics of python and PHP from below website links.

Databases & Web Storage

The database is the permanent storage for your web applications. At some point, you need to store your website data so that you can use that data later. There are lots of databases available depending upon developers need like relational data or NoSQL data. Learn the basics of SQL from below websites.

It’ll be hard work learning all of this, but it’s rewarding in the end and Full-Stack Development is fun! Happy Learning...