These Languages Will Help You To Become A Full Stack Web Developer

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Want to become a full-stack web developer and don’t know where to start or which programming languages should you have to learn? Don’t worry, here is a complete list of all programming languages that you need to learn to become a full-stack web developer. Getting started with web development can be confusing because of different full-stack web developer languages, frameworks, and open source projects to choose from. There is no fixed way to choose languages or frameworks, but there is a natural progression that almost every full-stack web developer takes throughout the journey.

There are different websites from where you can learn web development easily. You can learn web development from websites that provide you with online courses. Some popular online courses can be found on Lynda, Udacity, Coursera, General Assembly. In this article, we will guide you to choose the correct programming languages and from where you should learn these languages to become a full-stack web developer.

Related Article: best learning applications to learn to code from!


Who is a Full-Stack Web Developer?

A Full Stack Web Developer is someone who is able to work on the back-end and front-end side of applications and is a person who knows client-side and server-side languages very well. The Front-end side means working on UI interactions (a portion of the website that viewers can see). And the back-end side web developer should work on core logic that runs on server computers, database interaction, authentication and server configuration, etc.

You must be curious about the money that a full-stack web developer makes. A Full-stack web developer's salary ranges around $63,600 annually for entry-level beginners. Some of the fine and experienced full stack web developer salaries go up to $111,700!

There is a list of some languages or frameworks that we can use on the frontend and backend sides to build any web app.

Frontend Development languages/Framework

  1. HTML

  2. CSS

  3. JavaScript

  4. TypeScript

  5. Angular (Framework)

  6. ReactJs (Library)

  7. JQuery (Library)

  8. ViewJs (Library)

Backend Development Languages/Framework

  1. PHP

  2. Java

  3. Ruby

  4. Python

  5. Node.js

  6. .Net.

  7. django (Framework)

  8. Laravel (Framework)

  9. Express (Framework)

Becoming a Full-Stack developer requires knowledge of at least HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and PHP/Ruby/Python/NodeJS that are mentioned above. Nowadays a Full-stack web developer is the most popular occupation according to Stack Overflow 2016 Developer Survey. A Full-stack web developer works on client and server-side programming languages. There is a progression to learn full-stack web development languages that are used on frontend and backend sides that most developers face as challenges.

List of full-stack web developer languages:


1. HTML (HyperText Markup Language)

HTML is the first step towards learning web development. If you want to learn web development then you should first learn HTML because it is the basic building block of any web page. Every in-person or online course will teach you HTML in the first place to learn web development.

HTML is a very basic markup language that defines the structure of any web page. The latest version of HTML is HTML5 which is not very different from HTML4. To code in HTML, you don’t need any IDE. Just save the file as .html and run it into the browser and you’re ready to get started.

You can learn the basics of HTML from different websites for free of cost. Below is a list of websites that you can check out.

W3Schools is the best website if you are a beginner and want to learn the basics of HTML.

Also check out: best learning applications to learn to code from!

2. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

CSS is used to style your HTML content. So when you are finished with the architecture or layout of your web page, you need to design or style your web page with CSS. CSS contains only the design information of web pages so you can add CSS into your HTML file or you can make CSS files separately and link to with your HTML page. But the best way is to keep CSS files separate from HTML because of easy readability and flexibility.

Learning CSS is a very boring task for someone who wants to work only on the logical part but it will be very interesting for those people who love the designing process. When you become the master in CSS then you must try its frameworks like Bootstrap. For learning CSS, You can check out the below website list.

3. JavaScript/ES6

Javascript is the only language that runs natively in the browser. With the help of JavaScript, you can easily create dynamic content for your websites like creating drop-down menus, sliding carousels, modal windows, submit forms with dynamic data, etc. JavaScript is very popular and growing popularity every year because of its usage. If you want to become a frontend or backend developer than you should learn JavaScript because it can run at the client as well as server-side (Node.js). The interesting part of JavaScript is that you can write and run your JavaScript code into the browser.

JavaScript is also growing in its popularity due to its various frameworks and libraries. There are lots of JavaScript frameworks and libraries like JQuery and Angular available which are highly used nowadays. Check out the below websites for learning JavaScript.

4. PHP, JAVA, Node.js, or Python

Now its time to discuss some backend languages. So there are lots of languages that you can learn for backend development like PHP, Python JavaScript(Node.js), etc. You can choose one language from the above languages without thinking about which language is better than the other. So if you are very new to web development then we will suggest you to learn PHP because of its simplicity. But in terms of popularity, Node.js, Java, and Python are more popular languages nowadays than PHP.

Just pick up one language and start coding. As all the backend languages are runs on the server side then you should need a local server like Apache or node server to run these files.

4.1 PHP

PHP is a very simple programming language for backend development. Around 80% of the websites in the world are coded in PHP. It is also used in many content management system tools (CMS) like in WordPress.

4.2 JAVA

Java is the world’s most popular language because of its platform independence nature. The other reason why JAVA is in high demand today is because of Android development. Java is the native programming language for Android app development.

4.3 Node.js

Node.js is a JavaScript framework that is used for backend side development. It’s very popular nowadays because of JavaScript. If you are a master in JavaScript then we would suggest that you learn Node.js for backend development.

4.4 Python

Python is a simple and clean language. A non-programmer or a beginner can easily write code very effectively but the main disadvantage of python is indentation. Python works on indentation so if you did indent the code wrongly than it will raise an error. Learn the basics of python and PHP from below website links.

5. Databases & WebStorage

The database is the permanent storage for your web applications. At some point, you need to store your website data so that you can use that data later. There are lots of databases available depending upon the developer’s need like relational data or NoSQL data. Learn the basics of SQL from the below websites.

It’ll be hard work learning all of this, but it’s rewarding in the end and you know that Full Stack Web Development is fun! Happy Learning…

About The Author

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Gulfam Ansari

A code lover, who also love to write about gadgets and new technologies.